High Blood Pressure (Advanced Hypertension)

Applies to:

High blood pressure occurs when the blood pushes too hard against the arteries. It can be an early indicator of heart disease. Sometimes high blood pressure can be caused by underlying conditions. A person’s blood pressure can vary through the day. Blood pressure is calculated by measuring the pressure in between your heart beats. Doctors will review your health history along with your blood pressure measurements when evaluating treatment for high blood pressure. Often people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms so it’s advantageous to be tested frequently.

High blood pressure risk factors:

  • Age
  • Race
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Salt or potassium imbalance

Secondary hypertension can sometimes be attributed to these conditions:

  • Kidney problems
  • Thyroid problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Illegal drug use, like cocaine and amphetamines
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Smoking or other tobacco use
  • Medications, including cold remedies, decongestants, birth control pills, and some prescription drugs