Osteoarthritis (OA)

Applies to: Back, Elbow/Hand/Wrist, Foot/Ankle, Hip, Knee, Neck, Shoulder

Osteoarthritis (OA)

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful condition known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease involving the degradation of joints. There are a variety of causes that lead to cartilage loss. Cartilage is what cushions joints as they move. As the cartilage is worn away or damaged in the everyday movements we make, the bone-rubbing-on-bone causes us to feel pain. This resulting pain may inhibit people from moving as they normally would, leading to the secondary symptoms of osteoarthritis, which include atrophying of muscles and ligaments becoming more lax. Coastal Health offers several treatments, like nerve blocks and ablation, that help decrease or eliminate joint pain. 

Symptoms may include:

  • Joint pain
  • Tenderness around joints
  • Joint stiffness
  • Locking of joints
  • Joint effusion

Causes for osteoarthritis may include:

  • Hereditary factors
  • Developmental factors
  • Metabolic factors
  • Mechanical deficit

Common treatments: 

  • Prolotherapy
  • Epidural nerve block
  • Genicular nerve ablation